Our theoretical approaches for CuBe

The following approaches form the theoretical background of our work in our curriculum CuBe

The system-theoretical approach:

From our point of view, the behavior of people can be described, explained and changed mainly on the basis of context relations. The values, rules and assumptions of these systems affect the behavior of the system members decisively. Accordingly the behavior and experience of people has to be understood based on these background references. In coaching and in our curriculum we therefore apply an attitude that understands interactions as interrelations (“we are always cause and effect for each other at the same time”). As methodology, for example a multi-perspective approach and questioning technique can satisfy this demand.

What has led us to choose this basic orientation?

Among other things the findings of the statements by Niklas Luhmann (see: Soziale Systeme. Grundriss einer allgemeinen Theorie, 1984) and Heinz von Foerster (see: Understanding Systems: Conversations on Epistemology and Ethics, 2002) and our own experiences in our respective reference systems.

The constructivistic approach:

We sensitize the participants/coaches to understand, that that perceiving also means giving a meaning (see Gunther Schmidt: Gut beraten in der Krise, 2010): One and the same situation may be perceived quite differently by different people, because perception is far more than simply forwarding neutral impulses as neuroscientific findings show (see Maja Storch, Benita Cantieni, Gerald Hüther, Wolfgang Tschacher: Embodiment; die Wechselwirkung von Körper und Psyche verstehen und nutzen, 2006). Each reality is constructed, for example by how things are distinguished, evaluated and explained (see Gunther Schmidt: Gut beraten in der Krise, 2010).

What has let us to choose this basic orientation?

Among others the neuroscientific findings. See e.g. explanations of Gerald Hüther (Gunther Schmidt: Gut beraten in der Krise, 2010) and Maja Storch (e.g. Maja Storch, Benita Cantieni, Gerald Hüther, Wolfgang Tschacher: Embodiment: Die Wechselwirkung von Körper und Psyche verstehen und nutzen, 2006).

The developmental psychological approach:

We use the findings of the developmental psychology documenting that the experience and behavior of people is influenced by their individual biography and learning experience. Through the socialization in certain social environments, positive experience or by avoiding negative consequences or observing others periodic patterns develop. The resulting emotional and reactive behaviors are partly very difficult change. Goal of a problem solving gymnastics intervention is, for example, making emotional patterns recognizable and thus usable (utilization principle) in order to control the own action proactively and consciously.

What has led us to use this basic orientation?

Among others the developmental psychological findings (see Ed Schein and the theory of U, Urie Bronfenbrenner: The ecology of human development: Experiment by nature and design, 1979)

The solution oriented and resource-focused approach:

We have repeatedly learned that a solution and resource-oriented work approach shows quickest possible insights, results and relief for the coachee. We assume that every person carries all the resources needed to process his concern in himself and is able to learn and change during his entire lifetime. For us coaching primarily means “supporting autonomous searching- finding- and realizing processes of the system according to own competences and resources that are already present in the system (see Gunther Schmidt: Gut beraten in der Krise, 2010). We concentrate on solutions, are mindful regarding all details of a desired future and successful past. Accordingly we focus on what has (ever/partially/ gradually) worked.

What has led us to choose this basic orientation?

Among others the findings of Steve de Shazer (a.o. Words were originally magic, 2009), Insoo Kim Berg (a.o. Keys to solutions in brief therapy, 2002) and seminars und literature by Ben Furman (a.o. change through cooperation, 2010; Creating Solution-Focused Working Environments: Participants's Handbook, 2010).

 The hypno-systemic approach:

The hypno-systemic concept represents the integration of systemic approaches, the competence activating concepts of the hypnotherapy according to Erickson and the findings of modern neurophysiology. Each experience is regarded as an expression of orthodox patterns (voluntarily, but mainly also unconsciously), that are constructed by focusing attention. In this (autonomously organized) kind of associative mating (attention focusing) elements of thinking, feeling end perception are linked (=patterns). Brain physiologically such patterns can be described as an active firing of neural networks (see also Maja Storch: Das Geheimnis kluger Entscheidungen: Von somatischen Markern, Bauchgefühl und Überzeugungskraft, 2003). Most of these processes take place on an involuntary basis, that (if such patterns exist) are always faster that voluntary processes. By changing the focus and, for example, by targeted intervention to interrupt these patterns (see also Problemlösegymnastik, Gunther Schmidt: Systemische und hypnotherapeutische Konzepte für Organisationsberatung, Coaching und Persönlichkeitsentwicklung, 2006), old patterns, that distress the coachee can be transferred to new, competence-activating and desired action and learning patterns.

What has led us to choose this basic orientation?

Among other things the personal experience of limiting effectiveness of predominantly cognitive approaches and the corresponding search for more effective methods to modify unwanted emotional reactions. The research of corresponding neurophysiological studies and related literature (see Gerald Hüther and Maja Storch) as well as both our further education at the Milton Erickson Institute at Gunter Schmidt in Heidelberg.

The humanistic transaction-analytical approach:

Our work is based on the fundamental values of respect, tolerance and the certainty that human life wants to evolve. We are convinced that people are basically okay. Everybody has the ability to think. He decides autonomously about his own destiny and can therefore also change his decisions. Contract work, role clarity and reviewing of results based on clearly defined objectives are the principles of the transaction-analytical approach and of our work. We support the conscious exploring if hidden potentials and resources and continue building on the already existing power. Specifically this means, we promote and develop upgrading cultures rather than lamenting endlessly in pessimistic devaluation spirals.

What has led us to choose this basic orientation?

The deep conviction and our idea of human being that every person is capable of learning and changing and can take responsibility for himself. The findings of Eric Berne (see Stewart and Joines; TA Today)

What characterizes our attitude in our work and what we put across to our participants:

We use intervention techniques from different counseling schools: from gestalt psychology to hypno-systematic approaches. Condition is that the methods are empirically or scientifically proven, effective and compatible with ethical assumptions (see above “humanistic”). We commit ourselves to transparently demonstrating our methods in the coaching processes (see “Produktinformation”, Gunther Schmidt: Gut beraten in der Krise, 2010) and encouraging our coachees to take responsibility for themselves and their personal developments and decisions. Every systems designs itself in a unique way and it is our task as coach to “dock on” (pacing) respectfully so it develops options for action in an autonomous, appropriate and target-relevant way.

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